Developing Acute Care and Emergency Referral Systems Project in Ghana

Project Summary:

The Acute Care and Emergency Referral (ACERS) Project aims to contribute to the improvement of maternal and newborn health survival by increasing pregnant women’s use of caregivers and improve caregivers’ provision of quality emergency obstetric and newborn care (EmONC) services.

A Comprehensive Emergency Care health System Can Reduce Maternal and Infant Mortality:

Ghana continues to experience high maternal and neonatal mortality rates despite a well-organized, decentralized system of health care. In 2016, more than half of pregnant women in the Volta Region in western Ghana gave birth without a skilled health provider. Additionally, the country lacks policies and guidelines for providing comprehensive emergency referral and care. The absence of such policies and guidelines have resulted in a fragmented system of health care for emergency care, lack of unified communication, and unknown efficacy and impact.

To respond to these issues, the Acute Care and Emergency Referral (ACERS) Project will use a systems approach to assemble innovative interventions into a robust and comprehensive program of care that is not only integrated into Ghana Health Services’ Community Health and Planning Services (CHPS), but also designed to scale-up acute care and emergency referral strengthening approaches.

ACERS’ goal is to contribute to the improvement of maternal and newborn health survival. The purpose of the project is to increase pregnant women’s use of caregivers and improve caregivers’ provision of quality emergency obstetric and newborn care (EmONC) services.

The ACERS project will study how health systems development activities can be undertaken to improve district maternal and neonatal health and survival services. ACERS will address the organization, provision and awareness of emergency services for obstetric and neonatal care. Project interventions will use an integrated approach to improve maternal and newborn care service delivery through integrated interventions that contribute to preventable maternal and newborn morbidities and mortalities:

  • Community Demand Generation for EmONC: ACERS will address community demand generation for EmONC through interventions that build on existing Ghana Health Service (GHS) primary health care services that focus on demand generation.
  • Timely Referrals: strengthening GHS’s community emergency transport systems and the introduction of an emergency dispatch center which will be integrated with the National Ambulance Service.
  • Quality of Care: Strengthening quality improvement through coaching and simulations to improve clinical acumen of staff as well as equip health facilities with the required tools and supplies for service delivery.

Embedding Implementation Research in Ghana’s CHPS to Inform Policy and Program Improvements:

ACERS Project is led by Catholic Relief Services. CRS designed the project along with institutional partner Ghana Health Service and research partners Columbia University and the Regional Institute for Population Studies in Accra. Each partner brought their strengths and understanding around the issues as well as a commitment to the overall goal. Together the partners have identified a systems-based approach to learn how to scale-up these approaches as the program is implemented. The ACERS project will assemble key innovations into a robust and comprehensive program of care that is integrated into Ghana Health Services’ community-based health planning and services (CHPS). It is also designed to scale-up acute care and emergency referral strengthening approaches, strategies, and policies as an integral part of the national health care delivery system.

How ACERS Will Collaborate and Learn to Improve Patient Outcomes:

ACERS will utilize an implementation research methodology to learn about the four objective areas in two regions of the country: Nkwanta South in the Oti Region, and Gushegu Municipality in the Northern Region.

Research partners Columbia University and the Research Institute for Population Studies will conduct a baseline assessment followed by periodic subassessments. Partners will review results from these assessments and use the information to adjust program design and inform policy development during program implementation. By including program managers, researchers and regional policy makers in this process, ACERS hopes that changes can be quickly adopted and applied to the programs to help programs reach their objectives and to scale-up quickly.

 

For more information, contact: Dr. Mohammed Ali, ACERS Chief of Party, Catholic Relief Services (mohammed.ali@crs.org)

 

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