2016 Towards a Grand Convergence for Child Survival and Health

Content Type: Reports
Author(s): WHO
Published: November 2016

In 1995, WHO and UNICEF introduced Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) as a premier strategy to provide prevention, treatment and care for sick children and improve child survival in countries with more than 40 deaths per 1000 live births. Care for sick newborns under one week of age was added in 2003, after which many countries renamed it IMNCI. Over 100 countries have adopted IMNCI and implemented, with varying degrees of success, its three components: 1) improving health worker skills, 2) strengthening health systems, and 3) improving family and community practices. Although it is hard to measure cause and effect, a recent Cochrane review and other evidence suggest that IMNCI has contributed to reductions in child mortality over the MDG era in countries where it was implemented.

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