Health Research Program

How can the TIPs be useful to you?

TIPs guide decision makers through the IR process. Each TIP uses examples and case studies to illustrate the material presented and includes links to a “short-list” of relevant resources to learn more about a given topic.  Here’s what you can expect to find:

TIP #1:  Introducing implementation research: real-time evidence to save lives

TIP #1 will help you answer some of the following commonly asked questions:

  • What is IR and what are its key features?
  • What does IR help us to do?
  • How does IR lead to more effective implementation?
  • When is IR an appropriate way to strengthen implementation?
  • What kinds of issues or topics can I study with IR to better understand implementation?
  • What kinds of questions should I consider before deciding to conduct an IR study?
  • What are the key steps in conducting IR?

TIP #2: How does IR work?

TIP #2 can help if you find yourself asking questions such as:

  • How it different from other types of research?
  • What kind of information does IR produce?
  • What is the difference between an intervention and an implementation strategy?
  • What are implementation outcomes and why do we measure them?

TIP #3: When should you use IR to address program implementation challenges?

Many decision makers wonder how IR is different or complementary to other efforts.  TIP #3 will help to answer:

  • How does IR compare with other approaches to program strengthening like routine monitoring, quality improvement, program evaluation, adaptive learning, etc?
  • How can you decide when to use IR?
  • When is IR most useful?

TIP #4: Identifying problems to solve with IR

With so many priorities to manage, this TIP will help decision makers hone in on challenges by addressing these questions:

  • How do you identify problems that can be solved through IR?
  • How do you write a good problem statement?
  • Where do you get the information you need to help you identify your implementation problem?

TIP #5: Involving stakeholders and establishing a strong IR partnership

Effective IR requires a strong partnership between implementers, researchers, and policymakers, and meaningful engagement with stakeholders throughout the process.  This TIP will help answer:

  • Who are the stakeholders for IR and what are the benefits of involving them?
  • How do you engage stakeholders?
  • How can stakeholders support or contribute to IR?
  • How do you identify and engage the right partners?
  • How and why should you develop a partnership agreement?

TIP #6: Formulating IR research questions

In IR, everything starts with a question.  This TIP will address the following questions:

  • What questions should guide the IR?
  • What kinds of questions can IR help to answer?
  • How do you formulate IR questions?
  • What are some examples of good IR questions?
  • How do you to prioritize IR questions?


TIP #7: Selecting and using a framework to guide your IR project

There are many great resources for selecting and using frameworks.  This TIP will answer:

  • Why use a framework?
  • What are some commonly used frameworks?
  • How do you select or develop a useful framework?
  • How do you use the framework in a meaningful way?

TIP #8: Conducting IR (Coming Soon)

TIP #9: Using IR Learning to Improve Programs and Policies (Coming Soon)

TIP #10: Sharing the IR Story (Coming Soon)

IR References and Key Resources (Coming Soon)

  • A full list of key resources and references cited in the 10 TIPs on Implementation Research (IR) for decision makers in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) for easy reference.
  • Access to the IR Reference Repository – an annotated and searchable Excel spreadsheet that catalogues resources investigated in the development of this toolkit.

We welcome input on how the TIPs might be enhanced, improved or expanded.  Please provide feedback on the TIPS and/or suggestions for additional useful resources by contacting us at